Life Expectancy: 9-10 years

Height: 24-25 inches

Weight: 80-135 pounds

Small Animals
Other Dogs

Everything Rottweiler

Welcome to Everything Rottweiler an all-inclusive resource for the Rottweiler breed. Find out everything you could ever want to know about this stunning German Guardian breed like health concerns, exercise requirements, how they are with kids, other pets, and resources for you to become a high-level canine leader who can raise perfect Rottweilers.

Everything Rottweiler History

The working dogs of Rome.

The first Rottweiler’s were very hard workers. They descended from the Molossus dogs way back in the times of the Roman empire. They were in charge of driving the cattle from country to country as their owners conquered the world. Throughout the centuries, they continued to work driving cattle in one way or another, which gave them the chance to settle into a breed. As they had traveled so much and mixed with many others on the way. 

The German cattle town named das Rote Will (the red tile), or Rottweil, is where the breed really became known. And so, they were called the Rottweiler Metzgerhund (Butcher’s Dog of Rottweil). There, they would drive the cattle from town to town to be butchered. The cattlemen would cleverly keep the money from the sale safe in a purse tied around the Rottie’s neck. No thieves would dare try and steal anything from there.

Life after the Empire.

As with many working dogs in the late 1800s, the industrial revolution affected their need to work when trains took over. Rottweilers were almost distinct by 1882. Luckily, their luck changed with the new century, and the Rottweiler and Leonberger Club were founded in 1901. This set a breed standard, which helped to boost the popularity of the breed. Then there were new skills that they could turn their paws to. Rottweilers became police dogs, personal protectors and were even among the first guide dogs for the blind. 

They became part of the American Kennel Club in 1931, though it took until 1965 to be recognized by the British Kennel Club. Rottie’s have remained popular dogs throughout the years, both professionally and with families. Considering how much their duties have changed in the past hundred or so years. It’s somewhat astounding that their temperament and appearance hasn’t really changed with those times.

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The Rottweiler's Temperament

Gentle giant or too fierce for home life?

Although Rottweiler’s may have a reputation of being fearsome or aggressive, the ideal Rottweiler is anything but. Of course, a lot can be determined through breeding and training, so it’s essential to do as much as you can to encourage them to their full potential. When this works, they are calm and courageous. This may not always be believed as it can take them a while to warm up to people. They are confident in their own skin and very self-assured, so they don’t need to wait for others’ approval. Also, there can be differences in temperament between the sexes. 

Males can be more on alert and watchful of all surroundings.
In contrast, females may be more affectionate and more manageable. If you’re taking a pup from a litter, it’s helpful to pick a ‘middle of the road’ pup. They’ll be at your feet and happy to have a hug rather than ruling the roost or hiding in the corner.

The vigilant protector. 

When fully grown, they are powerful and ready to always guard. This can err on the side of arrogance and may become demanding. If you’re able to develop a mutual relationship of respect and trust, that will help you both in the long run. Rottweilers love being around people and don’t do well with being left alone. They should be content to follow you around, keep tabs on what’s going on, and know that they’re not left out. As they mature rather slowly, they love playing and letting out their inner puppy even if they’re three years old. 

Of course, they aren’t all fun and games. They may take their role as protectors too seriously. If they find any potential threat to their owners, then they will immediately kick into action. Which can have disastrous effects. So, as we’ll hear later, it’s essential to take all the training and early socialization seriously.

All About Rottweiler Grooming

Brushing requirements.

Rottweilers have only one length of coat, which is black with rust or mahogany markings. These markings will be over the eyes, cheeks, muzzle, chest, legs, beneath the tail, and little markings on the toes. Their coat is very professional and helpful for their heritage of working outside. It’s a short double coat which is straight and coarse. The undercoat depends on the climate they are from, which is a beneficial quality! 

The outer coat is medium in length that lies flat to their skin. Then the undercoat is found mainly on the neck and thighs. Now to grooming, they’ll be happy with a weekly brush down using a firm bristle brush. This will help distribute their skin oils, and the dog course removes any dead hair. They do shed throughout the year, then twice a year more profusely. So, more frequent brushing around those times will help lessen the chance of your house becoming fully fur infested.

Bathing and other grooming concerns. 

Although their coat isn’t too high maintenance, they will need bathing regularly, especially after more muddy walks. As they can get so big, it is understandable to want to bathe them outdoors, which is possible. But, you don’t want them to get too cold. So if you’re warm enough to wash them wearing a t-shirt, then they should be fine. When grooming and bathing, there are other regular checks you’ll need to keep on top of. 

You don’t want there to be a build-up of wax in their ears that can lead to infection. So, a weekly wipe down with a pH-balanced solution that your vet con provide should help. Don’t insert anything into their ears, though, as that can be painful and hinder the situation. Ideally, brush their teeth daily to help keep their breathe fresh and prevent gum disease. At least two or three times a week will do if that becomes cumbersome. They’ll also need their nails trimmed weekly. It’s recommended to use a grinding tool for effectiveness

Everything Rottweiler with kids and other pets

The Rottweiler with children.

Rottweilers can make great family pets, although it’s understandable that they may not always be perceived as the first choice. As the years have gone on, Rottie’s have settled into the role of protector to all. Instead of being an issue for children in the home, they should instead be their number one bodyguard. But, of course, there have been so many accounts of terrible incidents. 

They are incredibly high on the list of most aggressive dogs, second to the American Pitbull Terrier in the US between 2005 and 2019. With this information, it’s essential to understand what can go wrong. There is a high percentage link between how the Rottweiler is raised alongside their likelihood to maim or injure. If the dog is kept outside in a kennel. They aren’t allowed to form a lasting bond with the children ‘under their care.’ So, do try and work on letting your Rottie in all aspects of family life, and then you’ll find your pup following the kids around the house wanting to play.

The softer side of the Rottweiler.

Of course, we don’t want to paint them with the brush of being an aggressor. You may be reading this as a Rottweiler owner who has no issues with your pet and your children. They can get on like a house on fire. There’s also a role that the kids can play in helping them out. As Rottie’s will love to play, they can get excited. So, working with kids, so they know the limits of games so that sudden movements or an overexcited squeal don’t turn into an accidental bite or push is vital.

 It may be wiser to wait until the children are older so that they can make the most of playing with their pup without any worries of things taking a turn. They’ll love to play tug-of-war and fetch to their heart’s content. This is all with the caveat that play should always be under supervision from an adult.

The Rottweiler with other animals.

A Rottweilers approach to other animals is very similar to that with children. As they are used to being a protector of all within their homestead, they can firm a fond bond with any other animals they are raised with. Remember, they spent hundreds of years protecting cattle. It’s in the genes! On the flip side of this, they also have a high prey-drive. 

This can come into effect if the family cat looks at them the wrong way. Or another dog, or hamster… you get the gist! So it can be challenging to know if and when this will happen. Setting clear boundaries and rules will, of course, help them learn the difference between friend and foe. If they are around other dogs of different sex, that will help calm down their feelings of competition. Similarly to when with children, it is best to not leave them unattended with other family pets.

With other animals outside of the home. 

When in public, try and keep your Rottweiler on their lead as much as you can as it can be so uncertain what will wind them up and encourage them to be on the offensive. It can be summarised that you take a wait-and-see approach when meeting new animals. You can’t always be sure between what will wind them up and who they’ll want to take under their protective wing. Although they should never be aggressive without cause, it can sometimes be unknown what the reason is! 

After saying all this, remember that Rottie’s are so professional and have had very high stakes roles in the past, so they shouldn’t be highly excitable. This can be a great trait to have in the park when other smaller dogs can try and wind them up. They could be aloof and not willing to rise to the occasion.

Rottweiler Health Concerncs

Common health concerns.

The average life expectancy of a Rottweiler is eight to ten years. They are generally healthy dogs, but as with all breeds, unfortunately, there are some hereditary or more common issues that may flare-up. It’s essential to have at least a basic understanding of what these may look like so you can begin to treat them sooner rather than later. So, let’s have a look an see at some of these conditions:


This is a bone cancer that is more commonly seen in larger breeds of dogs. You will need an X-ray to initially check if they are suffering from cancer, and the first symptom is quite severe as it is lameness. Treatment is aggressive and resulting in amputation as well as chemotherapy. This is obviously a traumatic event, but many signs of dogs live happily for two years or more. They’re able to live entirely on three legs. Also, dogs react differently to humans with chemotherapy, so there isn’t a need to worry about nausea or hair loss.

Aortic Stenosis/Sub-aortic Stenosis: 

This is a common inherited heart defect found in Rottweilers. Signs of this condition include fainting or even sudden death. It occurs from a narrowing below the aortic valve. And so, the heart needs to work harder to supply blood to the rest of the body.

Other health problems.

Some scans can be done when you first bring the pup home that can help you prepare for the possibility of these issues. While others such as Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, and of course, there may also be allergies. When grooming, keep an eye on any redness or inflammation of the skin, which may be a sign of allergies. Many things may be causing this, such as dust, certain foods, pollen, or bedding. 

Everything Rottweiler Exercise Requirements

How much excerise?

Rottweilers require a lot of stimulation. They aren’t highly excitable. Still, they love to play and will need a lot of exercise. Be prepared to spend upwards of two hours a day wearing out your Rottie! They do love many activities, walks, and a good run- anything that can give them more time with their loved ones! Being put to work will help them out, such as agility, herding, and tracking. 

Do be careful with younger pups as they shouldn’t be put to too much work while they’re still growing. If they are overexerted at a young age, they may have health issues when they get older. A fair amount of regular and prioritized exercise will really help you have a well-rounded and happy companion. So do take walks and playtime seriously so that you can reap the benefits.

Variation in individuals. 

If training is going well and you are super confident, they know not to become tempted to threaten anyone. Then the Rottweiler will love time to run around in the park or along the beach. Some love the water and will jump into any pond or pool if given a chance, so maybe steer clear from walking past more dangerous waters as they will just go for it. Others aren’t as keen to get their feet wet, so don’t force them to take the plunge if they’re not up for it. 

It is interesting to compare one Rottie to another in terms of energy. Some will need all this stimulation and more but do be prepared to talk to the breeder (if you can) about energy levels. As there is a sliding scale and some Rottweilers are content to lay by the fire for hours on end. If you have a more moderate Rottie, some set times to head out for a half-hour walk and a few games at home will suit them just fine.

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